Monday, July 29, 2013

Mapping pre-1500 Printed Books Today


Last week the Penn Libraries hosted a Rare Books School course on the 15th century European book in print and manuscript taught by Will Noel and Paul Needham. As someone interested in the history of libraries and the movement of books over time, I've long been impressed by the volume of detailed information available in digital form about early European printed books. Online catalogs like the Incunabula Short Title Catalog (ISTC) and the Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke (GW) contain tens of thousands of entries about these books including the whereabouts of known copies today. In browsing both catalogs I had been surprised by the wide distribution of incunabula in libraries throughout the world and inspired by the work of the Atlas of Early Printing, I figured it would be interesting to see the global scope of these collections in visual rather than textual form.

Both the ISTC and GW allow users to browse by lists of libraries which hold incunabula but where the ISTC displays library abbreviations/codes (see e.g. this list), the GW actually lists geographic locations with libraries grouped by city. In addition, the GW provides helpfully detailed alternate spellings and names for locations which make them easier to geocode, for example:   "Alba Julia [Gyulafehérvár, Karlsburg, Weißenburg]/Rumänien." For that reason I decided to use data from the GW here, which in all contains listings for some 2,330 place names with institutions holding incunabula. 

I scraped the raw data from the GW web interface and then parsed it on my own which resulted in a few problems, namely while I captured all the place names accurately, some holdings libraries seem to have been lost in the shuffle. I've worked to manually correct these but would not be surprised if further corrections are needed. Likewise, the GW helpfully lists some libraries which formerly owned incunabula and which are now defunct or subsumed into other libraries.For example, for Philadelphia, I know that the number of holdings libraries listed (19) includes the former Mercantile Library of Philadelphia with 5 incunabula. All of these books are now in the Free Library of Philadelphia which means that the total for Philadelphia in my visualization includes one extra holdings location and 5 extra incunabula. In addition, and most importantly, my results from the GW are most useful in counting editions rather than actual physical books. That is, while there may be just over 5,000 separate 15th c. editions in Stuttgart, the Landesbibliothek there holds closer to 7,000 actual 15th c. books as a result of having multiple copies of the same edition (many thanks to Paul Needham for pointing this out). As a result, the exact numbers contained in the visualization should be taken with a grain of salt.

Top 15 cities by holdings of Incunable editions. Number of editions in center column, number of holdings institutions in a given city in right column.

So, despite these caveats, what does the data look like? The top 15 list is hardly surprising, Munich tops the list thanks to the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek and its massive collection, but thinking geographically rather than nationally, Rome would come out as the clear winner if Vatican City and its libraries were included. Likewise, if judging by number of libraries/institutions reporting incunabula holdings (admittedly a somewhat hazy category), London emerges as the extreme outlier. I found the numbers further down the list more surprising, I would not have guessed that Dallas (1013) holds roughly the same number of early printed editions as Zurich (1002) or that Copenhagen (4146) would have a more diverse collection than Venice (3464), one of the centers of early printing.



That being said, if anything the map hews more closely to the geographic origins of the books themselves than I fully realized (excepting the large holdings in the US of course!). The densest clusters of holdings institutions and indeed of incunabula themselves are in the homelands of early printing, German-speaking central Europe and Italy. Compare for example the two maps below, one from the current holdings data and the other from the excellent Atlas of Early Printing showing where incunabula were actually printed. The two pair up pretty well!

Current Incunabula Holdings in Europe (GW data)
Volume of Book Production by Place of Printing 1450-1500 (Atlas of Early Printing)
I expected that thanks to monastic dissolution and library centralization throughout the 19th century would have resulted in a fairly spread-out pattern of incunabula holdings with capital cities and regional centers being the big players with a few scattered libraries in between. This seems certainly to be the case in France and Spain where provincial cities and towns are less well-represented, but in central Europe, the big state and university libraries may have a large share of books, but there are still hundreds of small religious colleges, town libraries, and monasteries holding incunabula in the hinterlands. (If anyone is interested, the weighted geographic center of all current institutions holding incunabula is near the Atlantic coast of France outside of Nantes).

Incunabula holdings in the Adriatic Region
These maps also drew my eye to blank spaces which in turn highlighted borderlands between book-dense areas and those with relative scarcity today. The Adriatic seems to be one such area, with its string of Catholic and state libraries extending down the Croatian coast including Dubrovnik, Zadar, and Šibenik serves to highlight the lack of 15th-century printed books in the interior of the former Yugoslavia - perhaps reflecting the ravages of war, different book/manuscript cultures in Orthodox and Muslim regions, or just the simple lack of good library data.



Something similar struck me about the region to the east of Berlin and the west of Poznan, a seemingly "empty" salient stretching south from the Baltic sea (left). I know next to nothing about this area but would have thought expected a more even distribution of libraries.


Of course, scale is everything. While the views above are intended to highlight cities which possess truly significant incunabula collections, the map below is perhaps a fairer representation of the data - with the sizes of the dots scaled by quartiles. In this view, the truly broad range of holdings locations comes into play, as on this map the top quartile (largest dot) is reserved for any place holding 65 incunabula or more - a seemingly low bar which reflects just how many locations own a very small number of early European printed books.
Current Incunabula Holdings Worldwide - scaled in quartiles.

Finally, this world-view impressed on me the lack of reported holdings in North Africa and the Middle East generally. The fact that there are only four incunabula from Istanbul reported in the GW is somewhat shocking (for more see Les incunables de la bibliotheque des Musees Archeologiques d'Istanbul). Considering the place of the Ottoman Empire in Mediterranean and world history, the lack of greater numbers of early printed books in Turkish libraries begs an explanation (library destruction? lack of cataloging?). Likewise, the lack of reported holdings in Egypt prompted me to start searching library catalogs. I found six unreported in the new Bibliotheca Alexandrina but am sure there must be more in other Egyptian libraries as well.

I look forward to discovering more in the data over the coming weeks and I can't stress enough how important rich bibliographic databases like the ISTC and GW are for scholars. They are exceptional resources that took decades of work to put together. Given the amount of work that went into creating their data I hope that in the future there will be a way for both to offer machine interfaces which make the downloading of raw data simple and these kinds of visualizations second nature to researchers. 


51 comments:

  1. Have the holdings of Alberta UL, Edmonton, Canada been confused with Edmonton UL, Queensland, Australia?
    I don't think the latter has any incunabula.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks for this - yes the geolocator got too clever on that one and decided on the wrong Edmonton! Will rectify that as soon as I can.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. What amazes me is the distribution of incunabula on a North-South of the equator basis. i.e., the Southern hemisphere. A careful count of the holdings of South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and South America (Rio, Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Santiago, Quito, Lima and Montevideo) totals around 1300 copies, of some 450,000 to 550,000 worldwide. A ratio of about 1/400 or 0.25%. despite the prestige with which they are given there and many old and large libraries (some 60) and colleges, universities, etc. I appreciate this site, and wish there was more available info. concerning oddities in the field. Thousands of coffee-table books on manuscripts, hardly any on incunabula.
      It interests me that a work of 1496 by Hugbaldus dedicated to Charles the Bald has every word beginning with ' C '. Or that Maastricht Library has 24 copies of 'Heilichdomme ende reliquien' (1483), and not a single other copy has any. And suchlike trivia.

      Delete
  3. amazing article i like it thanks for http://awriter.org/ sharing this post .

    ReplyDelete
  4. I always like informative blogs and this is one of them. Thanks for sharing and please keep us up to date like this.
    casio

    ReplyDelete
  5. Books are a vessel of knowledge, keep up the good work.

    ReplyDelete

  6. This is very nice blog,and it is helps for student's Tableau Online Training

    ReplyDelete
  7. Get Instant Printing provides Catalogues Books Printing at a very cheap price in the UK market. We offer high-quality wholesale catalog printing and booklet printing.
    Catalogues Books Printing

    ReplyDelete
  8. It is amazing and wonderful to visit your siteTableau Online Training

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hey there I am so glad I found your webpage, I really found you by accident, while I was researching on Aol for something else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say kudos for a remarkable post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the moment but I have saved it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the excellent job. Half-fold booklet printing services

    ReplyDelete
  10. Printing services in Delhi Full services with guaranteed quality & on time delivery.We provide all printing service like Catalogue Printing , Letterhead Printing ,Book Printing etc.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Useful article, thank you for sharing the article!!!

    Website bloggiaidap247.com và website blogcothebanchuabiet.com giúp bạn giải đáp mọi thắc mắc.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Abhi print is No. 1 Booklet Designing and Printing pressBooklet Printing in Delhi Company in Delhi .Abhi print offer different type of creative Booklet design for School, Corporate Company, Institutes, factories ,Exhibition etc

    ReplyDelete
  13. Booklet Designing and Printing pressPerfect Bound Booklet Printing in Delhi Company in Delhi.Abhiprint offer different type of creative Booklet design for School,Corporate Company,Institutes, factories,Exhibition etc.

    ReplyDelete
  14. Our Catalog Designingcatalogue printing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.

    ReplyDelete
  15. Catalog Printingcatalogue printimg in india at ABHIPRINT- We offer Catalogue Design & printing services. Our catalogue designer in Delhi provides creative Product catalogue design.Try online color catalog printing today! Save 40% Off on catalog printing services plus free catalog design templates backed by a 100% customer satisfaction.

    ReplyDelete
  16. Catalog Printing at Abhi Print- We offer Catalogue Design & printing services. Our catalogue designer in Delhi provides creative Product catalogue design. Catalog Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support. Custom catalog sizes using your photos and text.

    ReplyDelete
  17. Our Catalogcatalogue printing in Delhi Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.

    ReplyDelete
  18. Our Catalog DesigningWe provide all printing service like catalogue Printing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Letterhead printing online in India best in quality & customized letterhead printing online. Premium letterhead printing at affordable rates by Abhiprint. We here at abhiprint.com offers designing and printing of business card, letterhead and envelope at an affordable price in Noida & Delhi NCR, India.

    ReplyDelete
  20. Our Catalog Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.

    ReplyDelete
  21. Customized best booklet printingBooklet Printing Services in Delhi service online in India, offered by Abhiprint.com at the best quality. Online booklet printing is made simple with an effective design interface.

    ReplyDelete
  22. Digital Printing printing company in delhi Services, Catalog Printing Services, Magazines Publishing, Books Printing, Web Offset Printing, Print Media, Typesetting Services, Color Printing, Books Binding, Abhi print printing Press has enjoyed the reputation of being one of the frontline names in the Indian printing industry. We are providing all types of printing services.

    ReplyDelete
  23. Abhiprint offer different type of creative Booklets booklet printing in delhi Brochure catalog printing offset Digital Printing services in Delhi, A full services with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery full color on front or both sides, or black or blank on the back Folding options only 1 cent each for any size! FREE gloss aqueous coating Optional UV coating for extra shine and durability 4-day production (rush available) Full-service direct mailing.

    ReplyDelete
  24. Catalogue Printing Services Providers in Delhi, Delhi. Get contact details and address of CatalogPrinting Services, Catalog Printing firms and companies in Delhi.

    ReplyDelete
  25. Our Catalog Catalogue Printing in Delhi Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.

    ReplyDelete
  26. Catalogues We provide all printing service like catalogue Printing look good and attract the viewer easily. Usually the pictures are presented in such a manner that it grabs all the attention and people forget to read the text. Catalogues feature large images that capture the viewer's eye and hold it for a longer interval. They solve the purpose in a better way as they are more compact and can easily be taken to a prospective client or distributed among the interested buyers. They can also be kept at the sales counter to be shown to the buyers, that is how they get to select a product suiting their taste from a range of other products.

    ReplyDelete
  27. Our Catalog Catalogue Printing in Delhi Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.
    Catalog Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with ... Many Custom Options Available ... Custom Catalog and Booklet Printing.

    ReplyDelete
  28. Our Catalog Designing in Delhi Catalogue Printing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support
    Catalogue printing options include perfume catalogue, tri-fold or two-fold catalogue, customized catalogue using different types of papers and inks, and more.

    ReplyDelete
  29. At AbhiPrint best catalogue printing company in Delhi. we assure you to provide some great paintings to create a uniquely compact catalog. The elegant product is just a small with a bare minimum copy of the text. With our minimalist design, your list will look attractive, informative and vague which will help attract the attention of potential customers. Image size. And background color as well as counts to achieve the desired result. Our Catalog Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support. Catalog Printing at abhiprint - We offer Catalogue Design & printing services. Our catalog designer in Delhi provides creative Product catalog design.

    ReplyDelete


  30. "The Abhi Print offers the most comprehensive Leaflet printing solutions in offset printing of: Eco Solvent Prinitng |
    Serial No Sticker Printing services at lowest price.The Abhi Print offers the most comprehensive printing solutions in offset printing of
    Catalogue, Booklet, Leaflets/ Flyers, Brochures, CD Covers/ Labels, Books, Magazines, Product Catalogue, Pamphlets, Calendars, Posters,
    Mailers, Journals/ News Letters, Wedding/ Invitation Cards

    ReplyDelete
  31. Heavy discounts on Best Brochure Printing Brochure printing company in Delhi Services offered. Fast production for Full -Color Brochure printing in Delhi, Gurgaon, and India. Brochure Printing in Delhi - Get The best price Brochure Printing services with full- Colar Brochure printing. Most effective and cheapest cost in all Over India. High- Quality Brochure Printing Services in Delhi NCR. We Offer a Wide Range of Printing and Designing Services. Best Price Guaranteed. inquiry Now. Excellent Service.

    ReplyDelete


  32. A letterhead is the heading at the top of a sheet of letter paper (stationery).INDIA Best Letter Head service in Delhi That heading usually consists of a name and an address, and a logo or corporate design, and sometimes a background pattern. The term "letterhead" is often used to refer to the whole sheet imprinted with such a heading.

    ReplyDelete

  33. Die Cut Stickers. Our vinyl die cut stickers are uniquely manufactured to be both weatherproof and scratch-resistant. Best sticker printing company in Delhi. This means you can stick them to any smooth surface, indoors or outside, and they will last for years to come. ... For more information about custom shape die cut stickers Serial No Sticker Wholesaler in Delhi Delhi sticker custom stickers vinyl sticker sticker printing sticker maker India - Abhiprint is well established Wholesale Supplier of Serial No Sticker in Delhi, Serial No Sticker Distributor in Delhi, Serial No Sticker Trader in Delhi.

    ReplyDelete
  34. Offset printing uses etched metal plates that apply ink onto a sheet of paper. ... The toner is then applied onto the sheet and then fused—passed through a high-heat unit—onto the paper. Digital Color Press. Digital printing can easily print out one sheet of paper Offset digital printing press Offset printing was invented at the beginning of the 20th century in response to increased requirements for printing speed. So far used lithographic method could not make enough copies and required to be improved. The first references to the offset printing showed up already at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century the first offset machines appeared. Offset Printing company | offset printing press services, 4 color printing, 5 color printing press services, printing press services, and other printing press services.

    ReplyDelete

  35. The Abhi Print offers the most comprehensive Letter Head printing Letterhead printing in Delhi solutions in offset printing of Letter Head |letterhead paper |INDIA Best Letter Head service in Delhi business cards letterhead printing letterhead maker letterhead printing online letterhead printing cost services at lowest price.Letterhead is an important part of the corporate image and is often inserted into envelopes for direct mail marketing. This vital promotional tool is often used for business transactions outside the company. However, they can also be used as inserts in product manuals, even as welcome letters and memos. Today, many business professionals use letterheads to gain business advantage by using very high quality offset color printing to showcase the best colors for their business. . If you also want to provide the ideal promotion for your business, then Abhiprint will help you from all angles here.

    ReplyDelete
  36. At AbhiPrint we assure you to provide some great paintings to create a uniquely compact catalog. We provide all printing service like catalogue Printing.The elegant product is just a small with a bare minimum copy of the text. With our minimalist design, your list will look attractive, informative and vague which will help attract the attention of potential customers. Image size. And background color as well as counts to achieve the desired result.Catalogs are a great resource to take any business to success. However, it is necessary that your catalog contains valuable information about the products and services you are offering. We know the importance of your catalog and therefore make sure to include complete information about your products including product pictures, charts, or pictures to complete your sales marketing materials.

    ReplyDelete
  37. At AbhiPrint we assure you to provide some great paintings to create a uniquely compact catalog. The elegant product is just a small with a bare minimum copy of the text. With our minimalist design, your list will look attractive, informative and vague which will help attract the attention of potential customers. catalog design and printing size. Best Catalog Printing Services In Delhi NCR, Catalog Printing In Rohini, Catalog Printing In Gurgaon Best Catalog Printing Services In All Over IndiaOur Catalog Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.And background color as well as counts to achieve the desired result.

    ReplyDelete


  38. Even in this era, there are digital selling techniques trends are famous but the brochure printing brochure printing in Delhi services is a famous tool for selling yet. Brochures printing services atWhat

    makes a decent brochure? We know there is a cut-throat competition in the market. In this market, your brochure printing should be unique with content and attractive in designs.

    Printing Press in Delhi NCR abhiprint printing press Best Printing Press in Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida for quality and service. We assuring you for lowest price in industry. We are

    famous for quality and quantity at cheapest price abhiprint printing press A superbly designed brochure means there must be the best quality paper and a high-resolution printing

    technique. LPI should be minimum If there is dark colour background warnish or lamination must be done.

    ReplyDelete
  39. Even in this era, there are digital selling techniques trends are famous but the brochure printing services is a famous tool for selling yet. We provide all printing service like catalogue PrintingBrochures printing services atWhat makes a decent brochure? We know there is a cut-throat competition in the market. In this market, your brochure printing should be unique with content and attractive in designs. Printing Press in Delhi NCR abhiprint printing press Best Printing Press in Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida for quality and service. We assuring you for lowest price in industry. We are famous for quality and quantity at cheapest price abhiprint printing press A superbly designed brochure means there must be the best quality paper and a high-resolution printing technique. LPI should be minimum If there is dark colour background warnish or lamination must be done.

    ReplyDelete
  40. The printing press allows us to share large amounts of information quickly and in huge numbers. In fact, the printing press is so significant that it has come to be known as one of the most important inventions of our time. It drastically changed the way society evolved.Best Printing Press Company in DelhiPrinting Press, Catalog Printing, Sticker Printing, Brochure Printing, Pamphlet Printing, Booklet Printing, Printing Services Digital Printing Services, Catalog Printing Services, Magazines Publishing, Books Printing, Web Offset Printing, Print Media, Typesetting Services, Color Printing, Books Binding, Abhi print printing Press has enjoyed the reputation of being one of the frontline names in the Indian printing industry. We are providing all types of printing services

    ReplyDelete
  41. At AbhiPrint we assure you to provide some great paintings to create a uniquely compact catalog. catalog design and printingThe elegant product is just a small with a bare minimum copy of the text. With our minimalist design, your list will look attractive, informative and vague which will help attract the attention of potential customers. size. Best Catalog Printing Services In Delhi NCR, Catalog Printing In Rohini, Catalog Printing In Gurgaon Best Catalog Printing Services In All Over IndiaOur Catalog Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.And background color as well as counts to achieve the desired result.

    ReplyDelete

  42. Power on your printer. …
    Open the file that contains the poster image. …
    Click the "Preferences" or "Printer Properties" button to open the Printing Preferences dialog box.
    Click the preferred "Page Layout" selection, such as "4 Poster [2x2]," "9 Poster [3x3]" or "16 Poster [4x4]" to select the poster size.Abhi Print offers the most comprehensive poster printingposter printing, posters online poster maker, art posters, poster creator, wall posters, poster making app, photo poster, poster frames, photo poster maker Abhi Print offers the most comprehensive poster printing solutions in offset printing of poster, poster printing posters online, poster maker, art posters, poster creator, wall posters printing services at the lowest price, photo poster, poster frames, photo poster maker, poster design app, poster pictures, poster app, poster photo editor, poster editor.

    ReplyDelete
  43. It's called offset because the ink is not transferred directly onto the paper. Because offset presses run so efficiently once they are set up, offset printing is the best choice when larger quantities are needed, and provides accurate color reproduction, and crisp, clean professional looking printing.offset printing press servicesOffset Printing company | offset printing press services, 4 color printing, 5 color printing press services, printing press services, and other printing press services. Abhiprint is a print design firm not only provides you print designing services but also end to end printing solutions which includes offset printing services for Delhi, India based clientele.

    ReplyDelete
  44. At AbhiPrint we assure you to provide some great paintings to create a uniquely compact catalog. The elegant product is just a small with a bare minimum copy of the text. With our minimalist design, your list will look attractive, informative and vague which will help attract the attention of potential customers. Catalog printing services in Delhi.size. Best Catalog Printing Services In Delhi NCR, Catalog Printing In Rohini, Catalog Printing In Gurgaon Best Catalog Printing Services In All Over IndiaOur Catalog Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.And background color as well as counts to achieve the desired result.Our Catalog Designing in Delhi provides creative Online Product Catalog design Printing with guaranteed quality and on-time delivery at low prices with expert support.

    ReplyDelete

  45. This product utilizes digital printing technology, which provides a great value on smaller quantity orders. If you’re looking for larger quantities or a more traditional form of printing Print your custom Bi-fold brochures with high-quality, low-cost Bi-fold brochure printing from abhiprint.com Bi-Fold Brochures are an excellent marketing tool and are a great way to make a lasting impression. Promote your business, your products, or a special discount. Let your message shine with brilliant four color printing from the commercial printing experts.Brochure printing services in DelhiHeavy discounts on Best Brochure Printing Services offered. Fast production for Full -Color Brochure printing in Delhi, Gurgaon, and India. Brochure Printing in Delhi - Get The best price Brochure Printing services with full- Colar Brochure printing. Most effective and cheapest cost in all Over India. High- Quality Brochure Printing Services in Delhi NCR.

    ReplyDelete
  46. The printing press allows us to share large amounts of information quickly and in huge numbers. In fact, the printing press is so significant that it has come to be known as one of the most important inventions of our time. It drastically changed the way society evolved. Digital Printing Services, Catalog Printing Services, Magazines Publishing, Books Printing, Web Offset Printing, Print Media, Typesetting Services, Color Printing, Books Binding, Printing Press, Best Printing Press Company in Delhi Catalog Printing, Sticker Printing, Brochure Printing, Pamphlet Printing, Booklet Printing, Printing Services Abhi print printing Press has enjoyed the reputation of being one of the frontline names in the Indian printing industry. We are providing all types of printing services.Offset Printing Service We can print and paper products which are up to 6 colors at one time using the latest color and pressing software and for the solid color using the LAB value for the consistency in color and avoid any shade variation.

    ReplyDelete
  47. Abhiprint offer different type of Creative Letterhead / Professionally Designed Letterhead Designing and Printing services in delhi . A full services with guaranteed quality & on time delivery




    ReplyDelete
  48. It's called offset because the ink is not transferred directly onto the paper. Because offset presses run so efficiently once they are set up, offset printing is the best choice when larger quantities are needed, and provides accurate color reproduction, and crisp, clean professional looking printing.Offset Printing company abhiprintOffset Printing company | offset printing press services, 4 color printing, 5 color printing press services, printing press services, and other printing press services. Abhiprint is a print design firm not only provides you print designing services but also end to end printing solutions which includes offset printing services for Delhi, India based clientele.printing press services and other printing press services.

    ReplyDelete
  49. At AbhiPrint we assure you to provide some great paintings to create a uniquely compact catalog. The elegant product is just a small with a bare minimum copy of the text. With our minimalist design, your list will look attractive, informative and vague which will help attract the attention of potential customers. Image size. And background color as well as counts to achieve the desired result. Distinguished Features of Our Catalog Printing Service Catalog printing Services Best Catalog Printing Services In Delhi NCR Unbeatable Low Price - We have great experience and high-end infrastructure available and that is why we are able to provide catalog printing service at unbeatable low prices. We have a team of professionals who are experienced to make catalog printing the thing that truly represents your brand.

    ReplyDelete